August Macke

(Meschede 1887 - 1914 Perthes lès Hurlus)
August Macke was born on 3 January 1887 as son of the engineer August Friedrich Macke and his wife Maria Florentine in Meschede in Hochsauerland. While his work is rapidly changing under the influence of various art currents, the German painter is one of the most important representatives of Expressionism. He finally develops his own style, which is characterized by the effect of light and the use of bright, harmonious colors. At the age of 27 August Macke falls in the battle south of Perthes-lès-Hurlus in the Champagne on 26 September 1914.
Macke studied at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Düsseldorf from 1904-1906 and at the local art education school. While studying, he designs stage sets and costumes for the Düsseldorf Schauspielhaus. In 1907, Macke traveled for the first time to Paris, where he discussed French Impressionism. After his return to Germany, he visited the painting school of Lovis Corinth in Berlin until 1908. A year later he married Elisabeth Gerhardt and moved with her to the Tegernsee. After returning from a trip to Paris, the influence of the "Fauves" ("the savages") is reflected in a generous picture structure with clearly juxtaposed forms and intense colors. A long-lasting friendship with Franz Marc begins, with which he conducts an extensive correspondence on questions of art. In 1909, Macke participated in the Second Exhibition of Wassily Kandinsky's "Neue Münchener Künstlervereinigung". After the relocation from Tegernsee to Bonn, Macke was represented at the First Exhibition of the "Blauer Reiter" in the Münchner Galerie Thannhauser in 1911 with three works. In 1912 he took part in the texts "Die Masken" and a reproduction of his painting "Sturm" at the almanac of the "Blaue Reiter". Through a trip to Paris with Franz Marc, Macke meets Robert Delaunay, whose familiarity with futuristic and cubist elements leads to his works. In turn away from the artistic direction of the "Blue Rider", exhibition motifs and street scenes emerge. Macke then participated in the "Sonderbundausstellung" in Cologne. In 1913 Macke participated in the "First German Autumn Salon" by Herwarth Walden (1878-1941) in Berlin and organized the exhibition "Rheinischer Expressionisten" in Bonn. In Hilterfingen on Lake Thun (Switzerland) images of figural groups emerge in the landscape. They are part of Macke's masterpieces and unite the influences of many artists in their own style.

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Passanten vor dem Schaufenster, 1913


Munich Highlights 2016
26. - 30. October 2016