Egon Schiele was born on 12 June 1890 in the small town of Tulln as the son of a railway official. In addition to painters such as Gustav Klimt and Oskar Kokoschka, he is one of the most important representatives of Viennese Modernism. Schiele died half a year after his first commercially successful exhibition in the Secession on October 31, 1918, shortly after the death of his pregnant wife at the Spanish flu.
Schiele's character professor Ludwig Karl Strauch is already drawing attention to his talent. After the death of his mentally ill father, 1906 his uncle Leopold Czihaczek was appointed guardian. On the other hand Schiele breaks down from the school and enrolls at the Vienna Academy in 1906, where he is, however, quickly stifled by his teacher Christian Griepenkerl and the strictly academic procedures. At the "Internationale Kunstschau 1909", which Klimt presides as president, he already shows four pictures, which testify to the manifestation of his academic stiff-free style. This year he left the academy and became a co-founder of the "Neukunstgruppe". During his lifetime, Egon Schiele was lucky enough to have important friends and supporters like Gustav Klimt. In 1910, Leopold Czihaczek resigned the guardianship. Wally Neuzil became his favorite model from 1911 on, and soon afterwards they lived in a wild marriage in Bohemian Krumau, where nude studies of young girls arouse small-town emotions. Schiele moved to Neulengbach, and on 13 April 1912 he was taken into custody, one of his paintings publicly burnt for alleged seduction of a minor. The accusation is dropped and converted into three days' imprisonment for the distribution of immoral drawings. Moved to Vienna, he married Edith Harms in 1915 and was recruited to Prague for military service. In 1917 he was finally transferred to the Army History Museum in Vienna. This year purchases are made by the Austrian Gallery and the founding of the "Sonderbund". In March 1918, a large exhibition of the Secession, dedicated to Schiele and his friends, brought the first real success both artistically and materially. Schiele died half a year after his first commercially successful exhibition in the Secession on October 31, 1918, shortly after the death of his pregnant wife at the Spanish flu.