Erich Heckel was born on 31 July 1883 in Döbeln, Germany, as the son of a railway engineer. Originally studying architecture at the Technical University of Dresden, he taught himself the art of painting and graphics autodidactically. His work spans six decades and has evolved from a post-Impressionist style to expressionism. On January 27, 1970 the artist died in Radolfzell on Lake Constance in Germany.
In addition to the German painters Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Karl Schmidt-Rottluff and Fritz Bleyl, Erich Heckel is one of the founding members of the Dresden group of artists "Brücke", who also later joined Max Pechstein and Emil Nolde. From 1909 onwards, the bridge painters developed a distinctive group style, the subject of which was the free movement movement in nature. With the concentration of the modern art scene in Germany in Germany, Heckel also moved to Berlin in 1911, where he met artists such as Lyonel Feininger, Franz Marc and August Macke. After the dissolution of the Brücke-Malergruppe in 1913, Heckel's first solo exhibition took place at the Galerie Fritz Gurlitt in Berlin. During the First World War, Heckel and other painters trained themselves as medical assistants, during which time he also painted during the war years and made new acquaintances with artists. In 1922, he was commissioned to design a room in the Angermuseum in Erfurt and created a wall cycle in Secco technology - the only surviving wall-painting work of the Brücke Group. In the following years Heckel undertook many trips, among others. to the Alps, to the south of France, to Italy and Carinthia, on which a multitude of watercolors arose. In 1931 a first retrospective of his art was shown in Chemnitzer Kunsthütte. By classifying his works as degenerate art, art burning and a bomb attack on Heckel's studio, a large part of his works during the Second World War was lost. During the war, he found refuge with a friend in Hemmenhofen on Lake Constance in 1944, where he remained until his death in 1970.