The German painter and graphic artist Paul Klee, who was born on 18 December 1879, includes Expressionism, Cubism, Constructivism, Primitivism and Surrealism in his oeuvre. Like Miró and Picasso, Klee used stick figures and simplified depictions of people in his drawings. Its main activity, however, is in the area of graphics. He is inspired by works by Van Gogh and Cezanne and maintains close friendships with Wassily Kandinsky, August Macke and Franz Mark. In 1920 Paul Klee went to the Bauhaus in Weimar as a teacher and in 1931 to the Düsseldorf Academy. In 1934, Klee, persecuted by the National Socialists, flees to Bern, where he is active as an artist until his lifebloom.
Paul Klee undertook two experiments for the recording at the Munich Academy of Fine Arts, which in the latter, 1900, succeeded. Under the direction of Franz von Stuck, he studied at the Academy, but in 1901 he went to Italy. He comes to Paris for a four-year stay and finally resides in Munich. In 1911, he became acquainted with Wassily Kandinsky, August Macke and Franz Mark, with whom he shows his works, among others, in exhibitions by the "Blaue Reiter" and "Sonderbund". In 1920 he followed the call of Walter Gropius and took a course at the Bauhaus, where he also wrote his theory of "pictorial forms of form" in the following years. Until 1931, a diverse and important part of his oeuvre was created in Weimar, expressing his imagination in the form of various techniques and materials. Because of disagreements with his colleagues, he finally turned his back on the Bauhaus and went to Düsseldorf to attend the Kunstakademie. In 1933, as a degenerate artist, he was dismissed by the National Socialists from his position as a teacher. After evacuating his apartment in the same year he emigrated to Bern. There he continues to work as an artist after the state accepts his naturalization application in the first instance. He organized the sale of his paintings to America, since he does not want his works to be sold on the German market. In 1935 Paul Klee fell ill with bronchitis, which developed into a pneumonia. In spite of the serious illness in his last years, some pictures still emerge, whose motifs and themes are characterized by his illness. He died in 1940 in a clinic in Moralto, Switzerland.