Ludwig Heinrich Jungnickel was born on 22 July 1881 in Wundsiedel in Bavaria as the son of a carpenter. As one of the most important Austrian painters and illustrators of the first half of the twentieth century, Jungnickel gained international fame through his animal representations. Jungnickel died in Vienna on 14 February 1965.
Jungnickel visited the Kunstgewerbeschule in Munich from 1896, but he left it a year later. Two years later, he traveled to Rome and Naples, where he takes painting lessons with Prof. Marucchi before he began to study painting at the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna under Prof. Griepenkerl and Prof. Eisenmenger in 1899th In Vienna he makes a name for himself with artists like Gustav Klimt. Jung also performs in the Secession in Vienna, but does not become a member of the artist group. Among other things, Jungnickel works for the Wiener Werkstätte, for which he creates vases, glasses, carpets and wallpapers. Great importance is attached to the animal frieze which he makes for the Palais Stoclet in Brussels. Jungnickel discovered his passion for animal motifs and in 1907 he received for the first time a yearly ticket with free admission and a painting permit in the Tiergarten Schönbrunn. Jungnickel produced 1909 the famous "Schönbrunner Animal Types" color woodcuts from the Kaiser. In 1917 he produced six more color-cut pieces ("animals of the fable"), which were extended two years later by a 24-part color lithography cycle. In 1930 Jungnickel was awarded the Austrian State Prize for Fine Arts and the Grand Medal of the City of Vienna. 1939 Young nickel emigrated to split because the Nazis impose him an exhibition ban and three years later seize his Vienna studio. The studio, together with all the pictures in the depot, fall victim to a bomb attack in 1945. Even before his return to Austria in 1952, the Albertina Museum in Vienna and the Neue Galerie of the Landesmuseum Joanneum in Graz dedicate a personal exhibition to him. In the following years Jung nickel title of professor by the Austrian Federal President (1958), the Golden Medal of Honor of the City of Vienna is awarded (1961) and honorary membership in the Vienna Artists' House (1964).