Joan Miro was born in Barcelona on April 20, 1893 and is now regarded as one of the most important representatives of Surrealism and the greatest artists of the 20th century. Inspired by the work of Pablo Picasso, Wassily Kandinsky and Paul Klee, Miro developed from 1924 onwards his own unique, distinctive language, which is characterized by powerful colors and simplified forms that characterize his style.
The son of a goldsmith and watchmaker already received private drawing lessons at a young age. From 1907 he studied at the commercial school and the private art academy La Llotja in Barcelona, where Pablo Picasso's father taught. Against the resistance of his parents he decides after the training for the way as an artist. His early works are still characterized by the bright colors of Fauvism and the shattered forms of Cubism, which, with their powerful two-dimensionality, point to the folklore of his native Catalonia. In 1919 he traveled to Paris, where Pablo Picasso was visited in his studio, which became a close friend. After a rather unsuccessful exhibition in 1921, he met the surrealistic poets and writers Louis Aragon and André Breton, whose surrealist group he joined. In the aftermath of a world, which had fallen out of line after the First World War, dreaming visions with abstract signs, symbols and written words, which have a whimsical and sometimes humorous quality, appeal to the art of the spirit. In the 1930s he developed his own characteristic style, with which he attracted international attention. In 1936, with the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War, Miro left Spain and lived in Paris for several years, but returned in 1940. The late works of Joan Miros include, besides large-scale paintings, numerous sculptures, wall paintings, drawings, prints as well as ceramics. The artist died on 25 December 1983 in Palma de Mallorca. Miros Bildwelt reflects his constant mental movement between modernity and Catalan folk art. This makes it hard to pinpoint a specific style, a concrete technique. For him, the artistic work represented a meditative, spiritual action in order to recognize reality with its phenomena, independently of rational object knowledge and concepts.